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The study objective was to analyze the existence of gender differences in socio‐emotional development. The sample consists of 285 adolescents aged 15 to 16. The study uses a descriptive methodology. The ANOVAs confirm that women had significantly higher scores in: violence rejection and prosocial cognitions, empathy, perception of classmates, ability to resolve conflicts positively, knowledge of constructive strategies to face violent behaviour, anger internal control, and positive social behaviours. However, men had significantly higher scores in: violence acceptance cognitions, aggressive style of dealing with conflicts, knowledge of aggressive strategies to face violent behaviour, anger internal expression, and negative social behaviours. The ANOVA results did not reveal gender differences in self‐concept.

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