A critical fact is that, at about the same time Troy fell to the Greeks (if that is what happened), pretty much every other large human settlement in the region also was destroyed and/or abandoned, so “the Trojan War” for the historian makes sense only as (1) a part of the folklore of later Greeks and (2) part of a regional cataclysm that must be understood in much broader terms than those invoked by Homer. Some of these questions are discussed in .


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