Camus’s hostility to Communism had its personal, political, andphilosophical reasons. These certainly reached back to his expulsionfrom the Communist Party in the mid-1930s for refusing to adhere toits Popular Front strategy of playing down French colonialism inAlgeria in order to win support from the white working class. Then,making no mention of Marxism, iseloquently silent on its claims to present a coherent understanding ofhuman history and a meaningful path to the future. His mutuallyrespectful relations with Communists during the Resistance and theimmediate postwar period turned bitter after he was attacked in theCommunist press and repaid the attack in a series of newspaperarticles in 1946 entitled “Neither Victims norExecutioners” (Aronson, 2004, 66-93).


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