Rawls claims that the parties in the international original positionwould favor the eight principles listed above. Starting from abaseline of equality and independence, the parties would see no reasonto introduce inequalities into the relationships among peoples (beyondcertain functional inequalities in the design of cooperativeorganizations, such as richer countries contributing more to anidealized United Nations). The parties would reject internationalutilitarian principles, as no people is prepared to accept that itshould sacrifice its fundamental interests for the sake of greatertotal global utility.


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