Proposing a connection between equality and pluralism, MichaelWalzer's theory (1983) aims at what he calls “complex equality”.According to Walzer, relevant reasons can only speak in favor ofdistribution of specific types of goods in specific spheres —not in several or all spheres. Against a theory of simple equalitypromoting equal distribution of dominant goods, hence underestimatingthe complexity of the criteria at work in each given sphere thedominance of particular goods needs to be ended. For instance,purchasing power in the political sphere through means derived fromthe economic sphere (i.e., money) needs to be prevented. Actually,Walzer's theory of complex equality is not aimed at equality but atthe separation of spheres of justice, the theory's designation thusbeing misleading. Any theory of equality should however followWalzer's advice not to be monistic but recognize the complexity oflife and the plurality of criteria for justice.


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