ADVANTAGES

These actions by Southern states angered congress. Led by the"Radical Republicans", congress passed sweeping legislation duringthe Reconstruction years. Congressmen Charles Sumner and ThaddeusStevens led the fight and first passed an act to establish theFreedmen's Bureau. Its purpose was to provide education and trainingfor Blacks in their transition from slavery to freedom. Despite thebest efforts of President Andrew Johnson to stop all legislationassisting Blacks, several significant bills were passed. With martiallaw in force in the South, congress could do virtually anything itwanted to. The rebellious states could not vote on the measuresbefore congress, and there were enough votes to override PresidentJohnson's vetoes.

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