Notable Western philosophers have continued to draw upon Plato's work since that time. Plato's influence has been especially strong in mathematics and the sciences. He helped to distinguish between and by widening the gap between "arithmetic", now called and "logistic", now called . He regarded logistic as appropriate for business men and men of war who "must learn the art of numbers or he will not know how to array his troops," while arithmetic was appropriate for philosophers "because he has to arise out of the sea of change and lay hold of true being." Plato's resurgence further inspired some of the greatest advances in logic since Aristotle, primarily through and his followers , , and ; the last of these summarised his approach by reversing the customary paraphrase of Aristotle's famous declaration of sedition from the Academy ( 1096a15), from ("Plato is a friend, but truth is a greater friend") to Inimicus Plato sed magis inimica falsitas ("Plato is an enemy, but falsehood is a greater enemy"). drew on Plato's understanding of an immutable reality that underlies the flux of appearances for his objections to the probabilistic picture of the physical universe propounded by in his interpretation of .[citation needed] Conversely, thinkers that diverged from models and ideals in their own philosophy, have tended to disparage Platonism from more or less informed perspectives. Thus attacked Plato's moral and political theories, argued against Plato's alleged obfuscation of , and argued in (1945) that Plato's alleged proposal for a government system in the Republic was prototypically . is considered by some as the prime thinker involved in the recovery of Platonic thought in its more political, and less metaphysical, form. Deeply influenced by Nietzsche and Heidegger, Strauss nonetheless rejects their condemnation of Plato and looks to the dialogues for a solution to what all three thinkers acknowledge as 'the crisis of the West.'


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