ADVANTAGES

Comprehensive tobacco-control programs using several price and nonprice interventions can substantially raise smoking-cessation rates and decrease initiation of smoking. Uruguay implemented most of the FCTC provisions and reduced consumption more rapidly than otherwise similar Argentina, which implemented only a few of the provisions. Large increases in specific excise taxes on tobacco are particularly important, because they can have a substantial and rapid effect on consumption. Reviews of comprehensive control programs in various U.S. states and other high-income areas concur that higher prices account for much, but not all, of the decline in smoking.

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