Freeman discusses the relevance of resources in Resource MobilizationTheory, arguing that people are the intangible resources upon which socialmovements rely (1979). Social movements may lack tangible resources, but behigh in people resources, which can extend beneficial social networks. Not onlyare people important resources, but as such, must be mobilized, which takesmore resources. Freeman also declares that three types of resources may be usedto reach and mobilize aggrieved groups (1979). The first, beneficiaryconstituency, consists of the political beneficiaries of the movement whosupply resources. Within the Civil Rights Movement, this constituency would beblacks Americans who would directly benefit from the movement's goals. Second,the conscience constituencies provide resources but are not a part of thebeneficiary base. White movement participants and financial sponsors would beconsidered conscience constituencies. The third type, nonconstituencyinstitutions, is available independently of the movement's existence. Thegovernment could be regarded as a nonconstituency institution.


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