Medical theory was based primarily on the belief that diseasewas a punishment inflicted by the gods on humans for their sins,although dust, dirt, food and drink, as well as contagion weretaken into consideration. Physicians attempted to diagnose thesymptoms and might prescribe drugs, poultices, enemas, or a changein diet. Libraries of cuneiform tablets were kept, and Ashurbanipalin particular gave instructions to gather any tablet that couldbe found. Assyrian society was fairly stable itself, but continuedconquest and the imperial exploitation of other peoples eventuallybrought about its inevitable reaction.


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