Of course they can. But Sylvia Plath very obviously did have an Electra complex, at least if her poems are anything to go by. There's nothing over analytical about it. It seems to me that you are one of the people who either feel uncomfortable with Freudian theories, or think that they have been overused in popular culture - or both. it would be wrong to apply Oedipus/Electra complex to absolutely everyone and everything, but I don't see how it can possibly be ignored in some cases, as in Plath's case. Not only are the images of her father and her husband constantly merging for her in this poem, but she openly addresses her Electra complex in least two other poems, directly in "Electra on Azalea Path" and only slightly less directly "The Colossus" (by mentioning 'Oresteia', which, of course, is the tragedy based on the myth about Orest and his sister Electra avenging the death of their father Agamemnon on their mother and her lover):


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