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Thomas Aquinas: the Fifth Way | thelycaeum
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This principal of preservation, or survival of the fittest, I have called Natural Selection."
Richard Dawkins - 1941 - ?
The Blind Watchmaker - 1986
Agrees with Paley that nature is immensely complex BUT:
The process of Natural Selection has created this.
Only the winners survive - this gives impression of design.
Evil and suffering in the world are a result of survival of the fittest.
Natural Selection is a complete answer with no need for God.
William Paley - Natural Theology (1802)
The Archer Analogy
1- An arrow hits a target even though it does not have a mind of its own (an effect).
2- The Archer (someone with a mind) shot the arrow (a cause).
3- Things in the natural world follow natural laws even though they do not necessarily have a mind of their own (an effect).
4- Someone with a mind caused the natural world to behave in this way (a cause).
P1 - When you look at the natural world you can see that everything in it follows natural laws even if things are not conscious, thinking beings.
P2 - If things follow natural laws they will tend to do well and have some goal or purpose.
P3 - However if a thing cannot think for itself it does not have any goal or purpose unless it is directed by something that thinks.
Aquinas: Fifth way
Aquinas: Fifth way
Aquinas links Aristotle’s idea of a Final Cause to God.
For Aquinas, the final reason that things have a particular design, goal and purpose and follow natural laws is because God caused this.
WILLIAM PALEY – NATURAL THEOLOGY (1802)
Walking on heath
Come across watch
Not come about by chance
What is true of the watch is true of the world
Fascinated by human eye
DESIGN QUA PURPOSE`
Ways in which universe fits together for some purpose.
Thomas Aquinas | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
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Whether deathless priests wait for the liberation of the churches and the City is a more demanding idea than that of secret passages, although perhaps not much more demanding than the changes in politics and demography that would be necessary for Constantinople to be restored to Christendom -- a Christendom, or at least a European Christendom, that these days seems to have lost faith, confidence, and will far more than contemporary .
Thomas Aquinas (1224/6—1274) St
Photo provided by Flickr
It is remarkable that something of the sort had not happened earlier (as Howard Carter was lucky in 1922 that he did not drop the candle he held up, in the last days before electric flashlights, to first look into ).
Thomas Aquinas was a Dominican priest and Scriptural theologian
He may have imagined a sort of syncretism such as had been common in the old religions but that was not going to be tolerated in Christianity -- indeed, an element of syncretism in the name of the Holy Day of the for Christianity, "Sunday," which Constantine himself called "the day celebrated by veneration of the sun itself" ().
Thomas Aquinas: Commentary on Job: English
Since the strength of the forces in Gaul was some 32,500 men, this reinforces that interpretation -- although we then wonder why such a force seems to have been so ineffective when the Alans, Vandals, and Suevi invaded on New Year's Day of 407.
William Paley, "The Teleological Argument"
While the behavior of the bureaucrats is understandable, the harshest truth is that, with sovereignty no longer invested in a autocrat like Diocletian, the ultimate "greed" today is derived from the voters.
What would Saint Thomas Aquinas say about the Refugee Crisis
The Arabs, bringing a new religion, , created an entirely new world, which both broke the momentum of Roman recovery and divided the Mediterranean world in a way whose outlines persist until today.