One of the earliest and best-known proponents of positivist, though, Cesare Lombroso, looked at physiological features of criminals such as the shape of their skulls and the height of their cheekbones to suggest that biology may precondition certain people to tend toward criminal behavior. It, of course, has long been discredited, but the positivist school's belief that a study of crime must include the environment in which the crime occurs remains relevant.


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